St Joseph's Catholic Primary School Reddish


Geography is about understanding the world.

In EYFS, the children are provided with opportunities to see how they interact with their environment  It is about children making sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.

In Key Stage 1, children are asked to begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. The children will learn about the weather patterns in the UK and hot and cold areas of the world.

In Key Stage 2, the geography curriculum is all about expanding on the children’s prior knowledge. There are three focus areas; locational knowledge, place knowledge and human and physical geography.

Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Our children will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical/human characteristics, countries and major cities.
Place knowledge examines similarities and differences by comparing a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European Country, and with a region in either North or South America.
Human and Physical geography focuses on describing and understanding key aspects of geography such as; climate zones, mountains and rivers.

Map skills are also vital and children will look at a variety of maps, globes, atlases, OS maps and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to enhance their map reading abilities.


The Year 4 children had a great time exploring the River Mersey, while on their fieldtrip. They explored the features of a river and the effects of erosion on the environment. They classified insects found in nearby ponds and looked at the types of insects who rely on the clean water source. This made them understand the problems which can occur with pollution in the river as the insects would need to find another clean water source. Their advice is to keep our rivers clean. 

Year 4

This half-term, Year 4 focused on how rivers and mountains were formed. Children learnt about the main rivers in the UK and used their geographical knowledge to label them on a map. In this module the children looked at the changes that have occurred overtime such as flooding. In addition, children researched the effect that humans have on the growth and pollution around mountain ranges. The children also located mountain ranges of the UK on a map and used aerial photographs to identify mountainous areas.

Our learning....