St Joseph's Catholic Primary School Reddish


Geography is about understanding the world.

In EYFS, the children are provided with opportunities to see how they interact with their environment  It is about children making sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.

In Key Stage 1, children are asked to begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in contrasting non-European country. The children will learn about the weather patterns in the UK and hot and cold areas of the world.

In Key Stage 2, the geography curriculum is all about expanding on the children’s prior knowledge. There are three focus areas; locational knowledge, place knowledge and human and physical geography.
Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Our children will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical/human characteristics, countries and major cities.
Place knowledge examines similarities and differences by comparing a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European Country, and with a region in either North or South America.
Human and Physical geography focuses on describing and understanding key aspects of geography such as; climate zones, rivers.

Map skills are also vital and children will look at a variety of maps, globe, atlases, OS maps and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to enhance their map reading abilities.

In Year 1, the children have been using the topic of Pirates to help broaden their knowledge of the world. They have been looking at countries and continents as well as developing their map skills. They have been identify countries and capitals in the UK. They are also finding out about the surrounding seas and key characteristics of the countries.


Year 2 have been looking at the 7 continent and comparing the UK to Jamaica. The children are able to recall facts about Jamaica, human and physical features, produce from Jamaica and how the two islands are so different in terms of size and temperature!


Year 4 have been exploring geography through Ancient Egypt and the River Nile. They have used the 8 compass points to identify where Egypt in the world and neighbouring countries and seas. Year 4 are exploring the importance of the River Nile in terms of why people settled close by and transportation. They have explored the natural resources of Egypt.


Year 5 have been focusing on rivers and were lucky enough to visit the River Mersey to do some fieldwork and exploration of the area. The children have compared the local river to the Amazon River through looking at the similarities and differences. Children have focused on the River Mersey and its significance on trading links within the UK.